[1]孙 斌.从苏州碑刻看清代的义庄制度[J].苏州教育学院学报,2015,(02):67-70.
 SUN Bin.Research of Yizhuang in the Qing Dynasty from the Perspective of the Inscriptions in Suzhou[J].,2015,(02):67-70.
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从苏州碑刻看清代的义庄制度()
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《苏州教育学院学报》[ISSN:1008-7931/CN:32-1556/G4]

卷:
期数:
2015年02期
页码:
67-70
栏目:
媒介与大众文化
出版日期:
2015-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research of Yizhuang in the Qing Dynasty from the Perspective of the Inscriptions in Suzhou
文章编号:
1008-7931(2015)02-0067-04
作者:
孙 斌
中国政法大学 法学院
Author(s):
SUN Bin
Law School, China University of Political Science and Law
关键词:
苏州碑刻义庄制度宗族
Keywords:
inscriptions in SuzhouYizhuangclans
分类号:
K206
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
有清一代,许多宗族建立了义庄并制定了相关规约,以便更好地维持贫苦族人的基本生计。这种救济制度颇似现代西方的家族基金制度,但同时又具有中国传统社会的自身特色。通过解读义庄发源地苏州地区现存的碑文可以看出,义庄制度大致分为义庄的建立、义庄的管理与义庄的职能等三个方面。同时,清代的义庄制度已经较为完善,在壮大宗族规模、维护宗族稳定等方面起到了重要作用。
Abstract:
Many clans established Yizhuang to maintain the essential livelihood of their relatives in the Qing Dynasty. The relief system was similar to the family trust fund of the contemporary Western countries, but it also had many characteristics of the traditional Chinese culture. By reading the inscriptions in Suzhou, which was regarded as the birthland of Yizhuang, we can discover that the system of Yizhuang was comprised of the setting up system, regulation system and function system, and the system of Yizhuang, which had been improved in the Qing Dynasty had an important effect on expanding the scale of clan and holding the stabilization of clans.

参考文献/References:

[1] 王国平,唐力行.明清以来苏州社会史碑刻集[M].苏州:苏州大学出版社,1998. [2] 费成康.中国的家法族规[M].上海:上海社会科学院出版社,1998:80. [3] 常熟市碑刻博物馆.常熟碑刻集[M].上海:上海辞书出版社,2007. [4] 斯普林克尔 S.清代法制导论—从社会学角度加以分析[M].张守东,译.北京:中国政法大学出版社,2000:79-80.

相似文献/References:

[1]孙 斌.试析神明祭祀与清代行会活动的互动与影响 —以苏州地区碑刻史料为视角[J].苏州教育学院学报,2015,(03):30.
 SUN Bin.An Analysis of the Interaction and Influence of the Worship Activities and the Activities of Industrial and Commercial Guilds in the Qing Dynasty: From the Perspective of Historical Inscriptions in Suzhou[J].,2015,(02):30.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2015-01-11 基金项目: 北京市社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA06)作者简介: 孙 斌(1987—),男,江苏南京人,博士研究生,研究方向:苏州地方法律文化与中国古代法律古籍整理。
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-06-24